a research resource from Stroud Local History Society
Research note by Marion Hearfield and Tony Macer Copyright
William Cowle was a local grocer who invested his profits in land and property. A member of the Local Board of Health since its inception, his stubborn demand for clean water and sewers for the town exasperated the members, but delighted the voters, for more than thirty years. His first major development was the rebuilding of the old White Hart in at the top of the High Street. Exchange Buildings was the result – an elegant mews with the new Corn Exchange hotel on one side, an up-market grocery on the other side, six elegant town houses and a new house for himself at the back of the mews. Then he heard that the owners of The Field estate up above Arundel Mill wanted to sell. In 1871 he privately agreed to buy the land. He asked a local architect to plan a new suburb and, in 1873, offered 103 buildings lots at an auction to the town’s investors and built himself a new house in the centre of the estate.
This portrait of WmC is in the Museum’s collection
How did this story come to light? In the spring of 2009 I rescued my house title deeds from the Stroud and Swindon Building Society. I had just heard that the introduction of the online Land Register meant that once a house was on the Register any title deeds were just so much waste parchment unless somebody decided to keep them safe! All that wonderful detail: names, occupations, dates, margin notes, plans – not relevant in the digital age. A quick read showed that of the sixteen people who sold the plot on which my Bisley Road house was built, 13 of them were called Hawkins. The buyer was somebody called William Cowle. Who were these people?
I discovered that The Field estate, owned by the Arundel family since the 1580s, had been inherited by an Oxfordshire vicar’s 12-year-old daughter – the sole heir of this particular Arundel family in Stroud. The story of the family and the greedy young curate who married little Elizabeth (and of their twelve children) took a year to unravel, and is told here: http://www.johnhearfield.com/House/Background.htm
I also discovered that although William Cowle had left a bequest to fund a science museum for Stroud, the present Museum in the Park knew very little about him. Cowle had died at the very end of 1899 and left no direct descendants.
Then in 2010 Tony Macer asked if the Museum knew whose initials were on his Bowbridge Lane house: “WC 1884”. The Museum curator suggested he contact me, and that was the start of a four-year research project into the development of the hillside between the Bisley Old Road, the Workhouse (top right in the painting below), Holy Trinity church (centre left) and the turnpike along the riverside.
This detail from a painting that hangs in the Museum in the Park shows what Cowle bought. The solitary house and outbuildings in the centre of the estate was the original Arundel House called (with no imagination) The Field. It is still there, on Bowbridge Lane, at the top of what is now called Cowle Road.
2013 William Cowle of Stroud – Life in a Victorian Town by Marion Hearfield Price £12
What had started off as a gentle bit of historical research turned into a full-blown project. Tony and I put on an exhibition in the Crown and Sceptre pub on Horns Road, several house-owners offered the loan of their house deeds, Liz Wright (newly arrived in Stroud) offered to create a database of every house and name recorded in the deeds, and the Museum said – you ought to write a biography of our William. So we did. SLHS raised enough grants and donations from the Town Council and local charities to fund the book and a special exhibition held in the Museum in October 2013. The first year’s sales of the book raised £1,200 for the Museum’s Education Programme, and sales now raise money for the SLHS Publications Account, funding new books and other publications for the Society. The book is available from the Museum, the Tourist Office, R&R Books, and online from SLHS – [email protected]
Copies can be ordered through the SLHS website: email [email protected] (payment via PayPal or credit card; P&P charged at cost). SLHS members are offered the book at a special price – please ask at any of our meetings.
A short introduction to the Cowle project is here: http://www.johnhearfield.com/FEWC/House_intro.htm
The full scope of The Field Estate of William Cowle (FEWC) is described here: http://www.johnhearfield.com/FEWC/FEWC_top.htm
The actual digital archive (all 4Gb of it) of deeds, maps, Lot histories (103 of them) and House Histories is best accessed from this webpage: http://www.johnhearfield.com/FEWC/FEWClink.htm
A research note from the SLHS digital archive added April 2018. Copyright